How to Tell if you Have Low Testosterone Levels

Testosterone is primarily a male steroid sex hormone which is responsible for various vital processes in human body. Female ovaries also produce testosterone but in a very minimal quantity.

Testosterone plays an essential role in the male body as compared to the female body. Testosterone controls the growth of penis and testicles and also the growth of hairs on face and other parts the body. Testosterone is both androgenic and anabolic, means it cause male characteristics and development of growth muscle. During the age of 19-20, the testosterone level in male remains on its peak.

After 30-35, the level begins to fall gradually. It is necessary that level of testosterone remains balance as it affects human body if its quantity decrease or increase. Production of testosterone decrease with aging. Testosterone causes many symptoms to occur when the level falls below the normal range. Testosterone level can be known by blood test and and if it comes out to be 400-1000 ng/dl, its the balance level of testosterone.

If Testosterone level is more than balance level than its called higher Testosterone level and if it is lower than the balance level than its called lower testosterone level. As compared to higher-T, low-T is more effective on the male body, but testosterone is essential for males and females as well.

Low testosterone in man:

9 out of 10 males have low-level testosterone and 40% – 45% of males above the age of 45 years have a low level of testosterone. Every year low testosterone level effects millions of men around the world and the age parameter of affected people is decreasing slightly. Low testosterone also known as hypogonadism. Primarily hypogonadism is when the problem arises in tests. This is also know as primarily testicular failure or male menopause. secondary hypogonadism is when the problem arises in the pituitary glands or hypothalamus. These glands in the brain produces, FSH and LH which signals tests to produce more testosterone.

Some causes of low-T in man are:
1. Some hormonal disorder.
2. HIV/AIDS
3. Kidney disease
4. Obesity
5. Chronic lever
6. Some kind of infection.
7. Diabetes
8. Injury to the testicles (injury in testicles due to some accident or while taking part in a sport)
9. testicle cancer or treatment of testicle cancer

low Testosterone doesn’t just show up instantly; side effects start to come up. first, you start feeling sluggish all the time, getting tired quickly. don’t feel like taking part in sports and lack of interest in sex. all are the symptoms of low testosterone level. Low-level Testosterone leads to sterility in males.

To find out if anyone has a low testosterone level, observe and match how many of these symptoms of low-t (testosterone) have you experienced.

Some symptoms of low-T are:
1. Decreased stamina
2. Easily tired (energy get drained instantly)
3. Infertility (reduced sperm count)
4. Softening of testicle (testicles feels smaller than usual)
5. Feminine body deposition fat
6. May lead to infertility (incapable of producing offspring)
7. Scanty hair distribution (even growth of hair on face and other parts of body)
8. Bones will be fragile (easily get fractured)
9. Decreased muscle count
10. Mood swings or irritation.
11. Difficulty achieving the erection or maintaining it.
12. Low fluid level

If you answered 3-4 you in the above list of symptoms. are good to go, if you answered 4-6 than low-t may show up and finally if you answered above than 6 than low-t is likely to happen.

Low testosterone level also shows up in females but is not always symptomatic and produce serious side effects as males. Woman also experience some symptoms of low T. Some of them are:
1. Aging- testosterone level fall gradually with the increase in the age.
2. Too much use of oral contraceptives.
3. Adrenal insufficiency.
4. Hypothalamic amenorrhea- the loss of menstrual period in females of reproductive age. (caused by factors such as stress, extreme weight loss, and excessive exercise.)
5. impaired interaction between pituitary glans, adrenal glands.
6. Ovaries being removed surgically.
7. Hysterectomy- surgical removal of the uterus.
8. Cognitive difficulties
9. Fatigue
10. Low libido

Low-t level in the woman is usually seen during menopause and in woman testosterone level in woman decrease with estrogen and other essential hormones.

Plant of the Month – Nov 2017

THREAD-LEAF WATTLE

(Acacia nematophylla)

(Photos: E. Cousins, shrub in April, flowers in October; Cape Jervis)

We have been eyeing off this dainty acacia at Cape Jervis for a while now, and were pleased to have it identified recently by Martin O’Leary at the State Herbarium. The name is very descriptive, in that ‘nemato’ means thread-like, and ‘phyllon’ means leaf in Greek. The leaves are really phyllodes, about 2-4cm long, and REALLY narrow, at no more than 1.5mm. They are also hairless, grey-green, and fairly straight with a slightly hook at the tip. At about 11cm, the leathery brown seed pods are a lot longer than these short, thin leaves. Another identifier is the flower: the flower ball is always single, attached to the stem by a short little branch. Although the peak flower season is summer, this acacia does flower for most of the year. The specimens we have seen are only knee high yet, but it can grow to 2.5m. A nice small shrub for your garden??

 

Weed of the Month – Nov 2017

UPRIGHT YELLOW FLAX

(Linum strictum)

(Photos: C. Schultz; weed growing with other plants; a stem; close-up of top flower head)

There are heaps of differences between the weedy Upright Yellow Flax and the Native Flax (Linum marginale). One is size: the weed is a good bit smaller, growing to shin high. Also, the Upright Yellow Flax is single stemmed, whereas the native flax branches out. As you can see in the photos above, the ‘yellow’ relates to the 5-petalled flowers clustered around the upper part of the stem, and bunched at the top. These are pollinated by insects. The flowers are less than 1cm across, so you can see this means from the middle photo that the leaves are spaced about half a centimeter apart, spaced alternately around the stem. You can also see it means the leaves are a lot longer than they are wide (up to 25mm long by no more than 5mm wide)! One thing you can’t see in the photo is that the leaves have minute teeth along their edges. You can though see a well-defined central vein. The leaves feel rough to the touch, while the whole plant is quite stiff and erect.